Thursday, April 30, 2015

Jute Products of West Bengal

Jute is a fiber which is very long, soft and shiny. It is a vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. We can say Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibbers. And this fiber is second after the cotton in amount of production and variety of uses of the vegetable fibers. Generally Jute fibers are composed primarily from the plant materials cellulose and lignin then it falls into the category of fibber known as bast fiber (fibber collected from bast or skin of the plant).
The industrial term for jute fiber is raw jute. The fibers are off-white to brown, and 1–4 metres long. The Jute is also called "the golden fiber" for its colour and high cash value. It is very much popular in all over the world.

Raw Jute
Actually Jute is a rain-fed crop, this plant don’t much more need for fertilizer or pesticides, but in contrast plants it needs heavy fertilizer or pesticides. Mostly the Production of this jute is concentrated mostly in India's states like Assam, Bihar and West Bengal. In Bangladesh also the production of this jute is very good. The jute fiber comes after the process of the stem and ribbon of the jute plant. The fibers are first extracted by process known as retting. In the retting process workers, bundling jute stems together and immersing them in slow running water. Then jute is produced for use.
There are basically two types of retting stem are available. After the retting process, stripping process is begins, here in this stripping process women and children usually work. By this stripping process, non-fibrous matter is scraped from the pure jute, and then the workers dig in and grab the fibers from within the jute stem.

India is the country which world's largest producer of jute. But it imported approximately 162,000 tonnes of raw fiber and 175,000 tonnes of jute products in 2011 from Bangladesh. Not only India, also Pakistan and China import significant quantities of jute fiber and products from Bangladesh. And transport nice jute products to the countries likew United Kingdom, Japan, United States, France, Spain, Germany and Brazil.

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